New scams and fraud attempts often surface after natural disasters such as earthquakes, hurricanes, or floods. Usually, these take the form of donation requests from fraudulent charitable organizations. The scam emails may contain links or attachments that direct users to phishing or malware-infected websites.

Here are a few tips for avoiding disaster-related scams and fraud:

  • Donate to charities you know and trust. Find a charity with a proven track record for assisting with disasters.
  • Be wary of charities that seem to have sprung up overnight in connection with current events, or “look alike” websites resembling legitimate charitable organizations and international aid efforts.
  • Never click on links or open attachments in e-mails unless you know who sent it and what it is. Opening attachments — even in e-mails that appear to be from friends or family — can install malware on your computer, so always be cautious.
  • Don’t assume that charity messages posted on social media are legitimate or have been vetted. Research the charitable organization yourself before making a donation.
  • Keep antivirus and other computer software up-to-date.

Additional tips are available from the Federal Trade Commission.